Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Chapter by chapter guide Introduction An Apology for Poetry The Marriage of Heaven and Hell The spirits of Black Folk Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The assignment of composing is extreme however the most requesting part of composing is associating with the peruser. Persuading or convincing the peruser to accept what the writer has composed is consistently intense and this is because of the way that various perusers have various sentiments and points of view about life.Advertising We will compose a custom article test on The Use of Ethos explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More For some hundreds of years now, the world has seen numerous incredible scholars who were or can hold the peruser hypnotized influential composition. The capacity of an author to utilize moral thoughts and perspectives that have a place with a specific culture to persuade his/her peruser is depicted as ethos. Ethos is commonly utilized by writers to catch the consideration of perusers by comp osing trustworthy or believable expositions, sonnets or articles. This exposition will consider explicitly the utilization of ethos, or show of individual character in the explanatory techniques and practices of Sidney, Blake and Dubois. William Blake was portrayed as a creator that was fundamentally inventive and politically drew in while, Sir Philip Sidney was depicted as a creator who composed completely inside the old style convention. W.E.B Du Bois then again exemplified the humanistic aesthetic sciences instruction and upheld for all who had the option to take part in scholarly interests. The article will show how these three essayists additionally utilized ethos and different types of influence like; logos and emotion in their works. Be that as it may, powerful structures like logos and emotion will be acquired uniquely to the extent they are applicable to explaining how ethos is utilized by Sidney, Du Bois and Blake. An Apology for Poetry Ã¢â¬Å"An expression of remorse for poetryÃ¢â¬ was composed by Sir Philip Sidney in 1579 however it was distributed after SidneyÃ¢â¬â¢s passing in 1595. Sidney was famous for his guard of verse and he did this by consolidating theory and history. He was likewise known to be a pundit of awful verse. In the entirety of his works, Sir Philip Sidney utilized ethos to increase a notoriety for himself. Ã¢â¬Å"An expression of remorse for poetryÃ¢â¬ examinations the explanation behind the presence of verse, its substance and excellence are clearly clarified. Sidney portrays an artist as a maker then he features the magnificence of verse in his standard old style conventional way. (Sidney, 211) The capacity to catch the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s consideration and procure a notoriety because of a writer character can be named or depicted as ethos. In the book Ã¢â¬Å"An conciliatory sentiment for poetryÃ¢â¬ Sidney claims to the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s heart by basically investigating the great and monstrous sides of verse. (Sidney, 26 6) Throughout the course of the work, Sidney imparts legitimately to the peruser by expressly clarifying how verse is a workmanship and expertise. He discloses to the peruser with the goal that he/she can get that, the writer is a unique maker and is thusly not attached to any coercion. (Sidney, 514)Advertising Looking for exposition on relative writing? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Sir Sidney likewise utilizes different methods of influence like sentiment and logos which empower him win the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s certainty and trust. The peruser is now left with no decision however to completely appreciate Sidney perspective as the right point of view about verse. Generally, the open will in general regard and accept individuals whom have earned themselves a great notoriety. (Sidney, 465) This is the same as Sir Sidney as his monstrous perusers absolutely bolster his perspectives about verse. In his book Ã¢â¬Å"an expression of r emorse for poetry,Ã¢â¬ Sidney clarifies that an artists mind for the most part has ideas that are not restricted to nature. (Sidney, 615) Literally, this implies, verse makes or is fit for making things better than they show up normally. This is a case of the writer convincing the peruser by the utilization of rationale thinking and this can be portrayed as logos. All through the book, Sir Sidney can catch the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s consideration with various methods of influence which he utilizes. The Marriage of Heaven and Hell William Blake is an English artist, play essayist, writer and a writer who had the option to construct a notoriety for himself through his extraordinary works. BlakeÃ¢â¬â¢s works or books consistently appear to have some strict feelings and his book Ã¢â¬Å"the marriage of paradise and hellÃ¢â¬ is the same. However, the most one of a kind character of Blake is his capacity to convince or persuade his perusers through various influence modes to comprehend an d have confidence as he would see it about uprightness or religion. (Blake, 353) Ã¢â¬Å"The marriage of paradise and hellÃ¢â¬ is a book about BlakeÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on hellfire. In spite of the general viewpoint of hellfire as a position of discipline, Blake depicts damnation as rather a wellspring of vitality and he clarifies this point utilizing various methods of influence. (Blake, 614) The book is broadly accepted to be his most compelling work and he shows incredible character here by depicting his visit to hellfire. While depicting his visit to heck, Blake can convince the peruser by speaking to the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling and encouraging such a peruser to break liberated from strict persecution. (Blake, 815) Due to BlakeÃ¢â¬â¢s persuading character which dazzles a peruser in light of his novel perspective on heck, he can persuade the peruser by utilization of ethos. His capacity to show solid good character makes him charming to the peruser. It is abnormal for a peru ser to expound on hellfire in such constructive light and individuals will in general welcome the new bend. The way that he utilized himself as the guest to hellfire makes William Blake completely exceptional and the way which he depicts his visit to damnation is likewise great. It is deserving of note that, not very many writers will have the fearlessness to expound on or even use themselves as the character that visited hell.Advertising We will compose a custom paper test on The Use of Ethos explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More People will in general avoid things which they accept to be awful and hellfire has consistently been named as an awful spot for terrible individuals. Thus, Blake ability to be the character that visited damnation wins him the regard of perusers and they will in general value his view. The book additionally, convinces the peruser to break liberated from the obligations of abuse in any structure be it political, or strict. (Blake, 453) The s pirits of Black Folk Ã¢â¬Å"The spirits of dark folkÃ¢â¬ is composed by William Edward Burghardt Du Bois. The book tends to the issue of bigotry in the twentieth century. Prejudice has been a worldwide issue for a long time however without utilizing the correct methods of influence to clarify its size, a peruser won't completely fathom the degree which bigotry has reached. (Du Bois, 622) In Du BoisÃ¢â¬â¢ book Ã¢â¬Å"the spirits of dark folk,Ã¢â¬ he can clarify and portray clearly how it felt like to be an African American 40 years after the common war in the United States of America. (Du Bois, 414) Been African American or originating from some other race is a characteristic thing which no individual has power over however others will in general think in an unexpected way. Abusing and bugging someone who has next to zero command over his/her race is exceptionally barbaric and absolutely superfluous. Shockingly, skin shading was a difficult issue in America after its common w ar and the then American government indicated laxity towards this issue. (Du Bois, 233) By consolidating his own involvement in verse, history and sociological information, Du Bois can persuade the peruser by engaging the readerÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings, his/her feeling of thinking and Du Bois utilizes his own character to cause the peruser to comprehend the issue of prejudice. (Du Bois, 299) By portraying his own understanding, especially the loss of his first child, Du Bois persuades the peruser using ethos and by depicting the experiences or issues of African Americans, he convinces the peruser by at the same time speaking to his/her feeling of thinking and feelings. End Sir Philip Sidney, William Blake and W.E.B Du Bois are largely incredible essayists and each of the three authors have separately utilized ethos at one point or the other to communicate their perspectives to perusers. For Sidney, he shields verse and gives the features of how a writer should think and act. (Sidney, 415) While for William Blake, it is tied in with persuading the peruser that damnation is somewhat enthusiastic rather than the conventional accept that it is a position of discipline. (Blake, 330)Advertising Searching for article on similar writing? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More In conclusion, Du Bois can show his perusers the torment and distress that Africa Americans experienced in the twentieth century 40 years after the US common war. (Du Bois, 266) Using ethos and different methods of influence like tenderness and logos, these three creators had the option to set up their focuses viably. Composing could be an entrusting and requesting work especially the part of persuading or convincing perusers to comprehend the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. To empower an essayist adequately catch the consideration of perusers and to win a notoriety, it is fitting for an essayist to utilize any method of influence to overcome any issues between the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s work and the peruser. Works Cited Blake, William. The marriage of paradise and damnation: Oxford: Oxford University press, 1975. Print Du Bois, William. The spirits of dark people: Chicago: McClurg, 1903, print Sidney, Philip. A conciliatory sentiment for verse: An abstract analysis. London: Westminster, 1579. Print This article on The Use of Ethos was composed and put together by client Fernando H. to help you with your own investigations. You are free
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Separation, when incomprehensible among a great many people, is currently a typical event in families when the grown-ups have concluded that they can no longer work out their disparities. Tragically, separate from will in general negatively affect the kids in the family, especially influencing youngsters who as of now have mental or enthusiastic troubles, for example, ADHD (Patten, 1999). Issues that emerge in offspring of separation run the array from conduct issues to later relationship/trust issues. Offspring of separation more frequently show conduct issues at school than do youngsters from unblemished families, with the exception of when misuse is available in the home (Corcoran, 1997). Offspring of separation additionally experience more scholarly difficulty than youngsters from unblemished homes. This remains constant regardless of how their scholarly accomplishment is scored, whether by grades, state sanctioned tests, or dropout rates, offspring of separation will in general have more unfortunate scores than kids in a two parent home (Patten, 1999). The issues looked by offspring of separation shift contingent upon the childÃ¢â¬â¢s age at the hour of the separation. Extremely small kids (under age two) may not encounter issues at everything except from age three to age five, youngsters may turn out to be increasingly forceful, sorrowful, and relapse to more youthful conduct, for example, returning to trouble with free toileting or requiring the solace of a familiar object (Patten, 1999). Preschool age youngsters may pull back, wanting to invest energy alone instead of playing with other kids. They may likewise search out the consideration of grown-ups all the more frequently or turn out to be progressively on edge or irate (Patten, 1999). Little youngsters are additionally regularly given to dreams about their parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ compromise (Corcoran, 1997). More seasoned young youngsters will in general attempt and adapt to the situati... ... Works Cited Corcoran, K. (1997, June) Psychological and passionate parts of separation. Web. 20 March 2015 http://www.mediate.com/articles/psych.cfm?vm=r Foulkes-Jamison, L. (2001, January 1) The impacts of separation on kids. Gainesville Family Magazine. Web. 20 March 2015 http://cpancf.com/articles_files/efffectsdivorceonchildren.asp?vm=r Patten, P. (1999) Divorce and kids part I: A meeting with Robert Hughes, Jr., PhD. Parent News Web. 20 March 2015 http://www.athealth.com/buyer/issue/childrendivorce.html?vm=r Shaw, D and Ingoldsby, E. Offspring of separation. Web. 20 March 2015 http://www.pitt.edu/ppcl/Publications/sections/children_of_divorce.htm?vm=r Temke, M. (2006) The impacts of separation on kids. College of New Hampshire distribution. Web. 20 March 2015 http://extension.unh.edu/Family/Documents/divorce.pdf?vm=r
Monday, August 10, 2020
Providence Providence, city (1990 pop. 160,728), state capital and seat of Providence co., NE R.I., a port at the head of Providence Bay; founded by Roger Williams 1636, inc. as a city 1832. The largest city in the state and one of the three largest in New England, it is a port of entry and a major trading center. The bay receives the Seekonk and other rivers, opens into Narragansett Bay, and forms an excellent harbor from which oil and coal are shipped. Providence is widely known as a silverware- and jewelry-manufacturing, banking, insurance, and medical center. Textiles, machinery, metal products, electronic equipment, plastic goods, and machine tools are also made, and there are printing and publishing enterprises. Roger Williams chose this site in 1636 after he was exiled from Massachusetts. He secured title to the land from Narragansett chiefs and named the place in gratitude for God's merciful providence. The settlement grew as a refuge for religious dissenters. Many of its building s were burned in King Philip's War (1675â"76). Prosperity came in the 18th cent. with foreign commerce, and after the American Revolution, industrial development was rapid. The Brown brothers, John, Nicholas, and Moses, played leading roles in the growth of the town, prospering in foreign trade and fostering the textile and other industries. In 1842, Thomas W. Dorr led a rebellion that collapsed after an abortive assault on the armory there. The city became sole capital of Rhode Island in 1900 (Newport had been joint capital until then). In 1901 the state legislature began to meet in the impressive marble-domed capitol designed by McKim, Mead, and White. Providence is the seat of the noted Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), some of whose work is related to the city's famous silverware and jewelry industry, and of RISD's museum of art. It is also the site of Brown Univ., Johnson and Wales Univ., the New England Institute of Technology, Providence College, and Rhode Island C ollege. It has several noted libraries, including the John Carter Brown Library of Brown Univ. and the Atheneum (1753), one of the oldest libraries in the United States. Among the city's many historic structures are the old statehouse (where the general assembly met 1762â"1900; now a courthouse), the old market building (1773), the Stephen Hopkins House (c.1755), the John Brown House (1786), and the First Baptist Meetinghouse (1775; the congregation was organized in 1638). The city has monuments to Oliver Hazard Perry (1928) and Nathanael Greene (1931). On Prospect Terrace is Leo Friedlander's heroic statue of Roger Williams (1939). Another memorial to the founder is in Roger Williams Park, which contains a museum of natural history and a natural amphitheater. The Capital Center District, where construction began in the early 1980s, and Waterplace Park have contributed to the city's downtown revival. Providence suffered severely in hurricanes in 1938 and 1954; a hurricane barri er was completed in 1966. See G. F. Kimball, Providence in Colonial Times (1912, repr. 1972); P. Conley and P. Campbell, Providence: A Pictorial History (1983); J. N. Arnold, Vital Record of Providence, Rhode Island (1988). The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography
Saturday, May 23, 2020
My Personal Philosophy of Education When I was a little girl all I ever wanted to do was be a teacher. My neighbors and I would get out our little chalkboards and take turns teaching each other things that we had learned in school that day. We would spend hours in the basement grading tests or quizzes that we had made up ourselves. We had so much fun pretending to be teachers. As I got older I realized that a teaching salary may not be enough for me to get by on, so I decided to go to Marshall University and major in sports medicine. I have had may injuries due to sports over my lifetime and this seemed like a good option for a future career. When the time came to actually go to school and decide the rest of myÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The teacher should be a model to the students; because they are passing their knowledge to the children. The methods of teaching that I plan on using are lecture, recitation, and discussion. I also plan to use hands on experiments for the non-auditory learners in my class. I am going to include the teaching of tolerance in my classroom. I want my students to be accepting of all people. I do not want them do see differences as disabilities. They should see people for who they are on the inside, not judge them for their race, gender, or sexual preference. Discipline in the classroom is very important. My classroom is going to have a set of rules, compiled by the students and myself on the first day of class. If the students have a say in the rules they are more likely to follow them. After earning a Bachelors Degree in elementary and special education, I plan to start working right away. Either as a substitute or as a full time teacher. I want to earn my masters degree while teaching, hopefully here from Concord, and through correspondence courses The two philosophies of education that I support are very similar, Essentialism and Progressivism. I plan on incorporating other philosophies into my classroom, however I will stick with Essentialism and Progressivism the majority of the time. I plan to follow more of the Essentialist curriculum, accompanied by the relevancy ofShow MoreRelatedMy Personal Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education1046 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmanipulate the information for their own use in the future. Choosing between the four, I would say my philosophical views line up more as an essentialist. My philosophy of education, is that every teacher and student has an environment where they are challenged, yet still encouraged, in their instructional matter and teaching and learning strategies to prepare them to meet the goals set upon them. A philosophy is a search for wisdom in a particular area; it builds a framework of thinking, and guides instructionalRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education997 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Philosophy of Education Discovering the place where personal values and expertise meet organizational values and needs offers a dynamic partnership opportunity. Mutual achievement of organizational academic quality and professional fulfillment provides a positive learning environment. Developing a personal philosophy of education enables an educator to understand and communicate the underlying basis for his or her approach to education. Sharing this philosophy provides valuable information forRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages871 Foundations of Higher Education Summer 2015 Instructor: Joel Abaya, PhD Personal Philosophy of Education Submitted by: Wessam Elamawy . Personal Philosophy of Education Introduction: From the very beginning of my life I recognized the importance of higher education. I am 34 years old. I am Egyptian. I was born in a highly educated family . My father earned a Ph.D. in chemistry. My uncle earned a Ph.D. in Engineering . My aunt is a doctor. My grandparents were highly educatedRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy of Education958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Personal Philosophy of Education It is customary that on New YearÃ¢â¬â¢s Eve, we make New Year resolution. The fact is that we are making a set of guideline that we want to live by. These are motives that we seek to achieve. In a similar way, teachers live by philosophy. This essay focuses on my personal philosophy of education. It unfolds the function of philosophy in a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s life, my view on the purpose of education, the student teacher- relationship and the philosophy which influences myRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy : My Philosophy Of Education1844 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMy philosophy of education is romanticism. According to Ryan, Cooper, and Bolick, romanticism can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a child-centered philosophy of education that condemns the influences of society and suggests that a childÃ¢â¬â¢s natural curiosity and the natural world should be used to teach.Ã¢â¬ I am a believer in Ã¢â¬Å"gaining knowledge through sensory experiences and interactions with your peersÃ¢â¬ (Ryan, Cooper, a nd Bolick, 2016). I agree with this philosophy because it says that the needs of the student areRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education1443 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThese beliefs of education are known as the philosophy of education. The philosophy of education is defined as the influences of what is taught and how the students will be taught. Throughout my study in my education class and past experiences, my mind was expanded and I acquired sufficient knowledge to develop my own concept of my personal philosophy of education. First, I will clarify the reasons why I choose the profession of being an educator. The first reason has been my parents influenceRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education966 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Personal Philosophy of Education Allyson C. Taylor EDUC 542 Dr. M. Derrick Regent University The definition of curriculum can be as mysterious as the curriculum itself. Oliva (2013) described the hunt for the curriculum as being similar to Ã¢â¬Å"efforts to track down Bigfoot, the Bear Lake Monster, [and] the Florida Everglades Skunk Ape Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (pg. 2). All of these elusive beings have left tracks, yet there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a single photograph to prove their existenceÃ¢â¬âjust likeRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesteaching style in the Ã¢â¬Å"Finding Your Philosophy of Education Quiz.Ã¢â¬ While I enjoyed learning about the different philosophies and psychological influences of teaching, I prefer constructivism, social reconstruction, and progressivism due to their student-centered learning, hands-on or project based learning style, while making efforts to improve the world around them. I will be discussing why I chose progressivism, social reconstruction, and constructivism as my preferences, as well as the role ofRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education873 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesis a meaningful education? Throughout time many philosopher and educators have pondered on this question, leading to the development of theories and concepts that are present in the classroom today. In my personal experience, an educator philosophy is built over a course of time which is based on their knowledge and experience. An educator belief system is like a river, it changes and matures throughout its course, bending and changing as it progresses. Throughout the course of my educational careerRead MoreMy Personal Philosophy Of Education1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction My personal philosophy of education relies on the fundamental belief that every individual has inherent value, therefore designating education as an environment where students may grow in their self-worth through academic and relational support. Thus, the purpose of education is to provide individuals with the opportunity to learn about both content and about self, growing in their identity. Within this personal philosophy of education, I will further detail the aim of education, the role
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 995 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/08/06 Category Society Essay Level High school Tags: Homosexuality Essay Did you like this example? Homosexuality is the sexual attraction to ones own sex. There is much debate as to whether or not homosexuality is a choice, which it is not. To say it is a choice is diminishing to a homosexuals confidence and mental health. Being homosexual, or gay as it is more commonly known, has to do with someones biology. With multiple aspects, gay is hard to explore. Is it nature, nurture or both? Can someone change their sexuality? What all is involved in determining ones sexual identity? Contrary to popular belief, being homosexual does not mean that one is attracted romantically to someone of the same sex. While homosexuality is an umbrella term for most individuals who experience same-sex attraction, it is not that simple. Homoromanticism is the romantic attraction to those of ones own sex without sexual attraction. This is different from homesexuality in the aspect that it explains romantic attraction and has no determination over sexual attraction. Homosexuality has been around since the beginning of time and is not a new fad, unlike some think. The recent outbreak, for lack of a better word, of homosexual individuals are due to recent advances of their rights, mainly the right to marry. Before same-sex marriage was legal, many homosexual individuals would be forced by their families to marry someone of the opposite sex in hopes that they would procreate. The idea that the only goal in life is to procreate, has caused the idea of homosexuality to be perverted into something that it is not. Many individuals have a perverted idea of what a homosexual individual is and because this topic is not widely publicized, there are still those who believe that it is wrong. While there have been many advancements in regards to homosexuality, such as removing homsexuality from the list of mental illnesses, there is still a long way to go before homosexual individuals, who have no choice in who they are, are seen as equal to their heterosexua l counterparts. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Is homosexuality nature, nurture or both?" essay for you Create order Many scientists and behavioral specialists believe that homosexuality is not only a matter of just nature or just nurture. It is a widely accepted notion that homosexuality is a product of both. Some believe that homosexual males have the physical development of males, but the mental development of females (Islay). Some believe that homosexuality is due to the type and amount of certain hormones a fetus was exposed to during its development in the womb (Islay). There is irrefutable evidence that proves that homosexuality is a part of who a homosexual person is. This evidence has to do with part of an individuals brain. A paper written by Richard Islay, a researcher, breaks apart a study done by scientist Roger Gorski and his colleagues on multiple heterosexual men and women, as well as homosexual men. The nucleus, INAH3, found in the brain, is two to three times larger in heterosexual men than in homosexual men (Islay). After determining the size of INAH3 in a heterosexual womans brain, it was concluded that the size of INAH3 is the same in a heterosexual woman as it is in a homosexual man (Islay). Furthermore, consequent studies found more conclusive evidence. The anterior commissure, also found in the brain, is larger in heterosexual women than it is in heterosexual men (Islay). It was also found that the anterior commissure is larger in homosexual men than it is in heterosexual men, by about the same amount as they had previously found i t to be in the brain of a heterosexual woman (Islay). Another study similar to this was also conducted, but instead used a multimodal MRI. Scientists used these images to prove the same thing Gorski and his colleagues had proven with the INAH3 and anterior commissure (Manzouri and Savic). If homosexuality was a choice, how could this data, that was proven twice, be true? The idea that a homosexual male has the mental development of a female and the physical development of a male is highly plausible. This idea can be proven by the aforementioned studies. It would make sense to believe that because different parts of a homosexual mans brain are the same sizes as parts of a heterosexual womans brain, and not the same size as parts of a heterosexual mans brain, that they would have the same mental development. Additionally, there are the beginnings of evidence of a gay gene that codes for fetuses to be homosexual while in the mothers womb. Some scientists believe that homosexuality is linked to fecundity, which was later revealed to mean fertility (Adriaens and De Block). It is believed that matrilineal fecundity is highly linked to male homosexuality (Adriaens and De Block). It was never discussed further on who was involved in these studies, but there had to have been some compelling evidence. In the Robles family, there is a high fecundity on the mothers side of the family. Whether extremely young or in their mid-thirties, women in the Robles family are able to have babies back-to-back, many times with use of contraception. This scenario is possible evidence to prove that high matrilineal fecundity is linked to increased homosexuality in men on a loosely based conclusion. There have 22 children in four direct generations, eight of which have been male, and five of which have been gay. Again, the so-called gay gene makes an appearance. In Mike Smith and Mary Ann Drakes work, Suicide homosexual teens: What can biology teachers do to help, they discuss an experiment a scientist by the name of Hamer conducted. In Hamers experiment, he took 40 pairs of gay brothers and closely examined their karyotypes and found that 33 of the pairs had inherited the same part of their mothers X chromosome, which is higher than the 20 pairs that he had expected (Smith and Drake). Hamer labeled this gene, q28, the gay gene. While more evidence has to be conducted to prove the genes credibility, it is still a large step in determining the biology behind being gay.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Lyra was awake before dawn, with Pantalaimon shivering at her breast, and she got up to walk about and warm herself up as the gray light seeped into the sky. She had never known such silence, not even in the snow-blanketed Arctic; there was not a stir of wind, and the sea was so still that not the tiniest ripple broke on the sand; the world seemed suspended between breathing in and breathing out. Will lay curled up fast asleep, with his head on the rucksack to protect the knife. We will write a custom essay sample on The Amber Spyglass Chapter 18 The Suburbs Of The Dead or any similar topic only for you Order Now The cloak had fallen off his shoulder, and she tucked it around him, pretending that she was taking care to avoid his daemon, and that she had the form of a cat, curled up just as he was. She must be here somewhere, Lyra thought. Carrying the still sleepy Pantalaimon, she walked away from Will and sat down on the slope of a sand dune a little way off, so their voices wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t wake him. Ã¢â¬Å"Those little people,Ã¢â¬ Pantalaimon said. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t like Ã¢â¬â¢em,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra decisively. Ã¢â¬Å"I think we should get away from Ã¢â¬â¢em as soon as we can. I reckon if we trap Ã¢â¬â¢em in a net or something, Will can cut through and close up and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s it, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be free.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We havenÃ¢â¬â¢t got a net,Ã¢â¬ he said, Ã¢â¬Å"or something. Anyway, I bet theyÃ¢â¬â¢re cleverer than that. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s watching us now.Ã¢â¬ Pantalaimon was a hawk as he said that, and his eyes were keener than hers. The darkness of the sky was turning minute by minute into the palest ethereal blue, and as she looked across the sand, the first edge of the sun just cleared the rim of the sea, dazzling her. Because she was on the slope of the dune, the light reached her a few seconds before it touched the beach, and she watched it flow around her and along toward Will; and then she saw the hand-high figure of the Chevalier Tialys, standing by WillÃ¢â¬â¢s head, clear and wide awake and watching them. Ã¢â¬Å"The thing is,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, Ã¢â¬Å"they canÃ¢â¬â¢t make us do what they want. They got to follow us. I bet theyÃ¢â¬â¢re fed up.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"If they got hold of us,Ã¢â¬ said Pantalaimon, meaning him and Lyra, Ã¢â¬Å"and got their stings ready to stick in us, WillÃ¢â¬â¢d have to do what they said.Ã¢â¬ Lyra thought about it. She remembered vividly the horrible scream of pain from Mrs. Coulter, the eye-rolling convulsions, the ghastly, lolling drool of the golden monkey as the poison entered her bloodstreamÃ¢â¬ ¦ And that was only a scratch, as her mother had recently been reminded elsewhere. Will would have to give in and do what they wanted. Ã¢â¬Å"Suppose they thought he wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t, though,Ã¢â¬ she said, Ã¢â¬Å"suppose they thought he was so coldhearted heÃ¢â¬â¢d just watch us die. Maybe he better make Ã¢â¬â¢em think that, if he can.Ã¢â¬ She had brought the alethiometer with her, and now that it was light enough to see, she took the beloved instrument out and laid it on its black velvet cloth in her lap. Little by little, Lyra drifted into that trance in which the many layers of meaning were clear to her, and where she could sense intricate webs of connectedness between them all. As her fingers found the symbols, her mind found the words: How can we get rid of the spies? Then the needle began to dart this way and that, almost too fast to see, and some part of LyraÃ¢â¬â¢s awareness counted the swings and the stops and saw at once the meaning of what the movement said. It told her: Do not try, because your lives depend on them. That was a surprise, and not a happy one. But she went on and asked: How can we get to the land of the dead? The answer came: Go down. Follow the knife. Go onward. Follow the knife. And finally she asked hesitantly, half-ashamed: Is this the right thing to do? Yes, said the alethiometer instantly. Yes. She sighed, coming out of her trance, and tucked the hair behind her ears, feeling the first warmth of the sun on her face and shoulders. There were sounds in the world now, too: insects were stirring, and a very slight breeze was rustling the dry grass stems growing higher up the dune. She put the alethiometer away and wandered back to Will, with Pantalaimon as large as he could make himself and lion-shaped, in the hope of daunting the Gallivespians. The man was using his lodestone apparatus, and when heÃ¢â¬â¢d finished, Lyra said: Ã¢â¬Å"You been talking to Lord Asriel?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"To his representative,Ã¢â¬ said Tialys. Ã¢â¬Å"We enÃ¢â¬â¢t going.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what I told him.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What did he say?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"That was for my ears, not yours.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Suit yourself,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you married to that lady?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. We are colleagues.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Have you got any children?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No.Ã¢â¬ Tialys continued to pack the lodestone resonator away, and as he did so, the Lady Salmakia woke up nearby, sitting up graceful and slow from the little hollow sheÃ¢â¬â¢d made in the soft sand. The dragonflies were still asleep, tethered with cobweb-thin cord, their wings damp with dew. Ã¢â¬Å"Are there big people on your world, or are they all small like you?Ã¢â¬ Lyra said. Ã¢â¬Å"We know how to deal with big people,Ã¢â¬ Tialys replied, not very helpfully, and went to talk quietly to the Lady. They spoke too softly for Lyra to hear, but she enjoyed watching them sip dewdrops from the marram grass to refresh themselves. Water must be different for them, she thought to Pantalaimon: imagine drops the size of your fist! TheyÃ¢â¬â¢d be hard to get into; theyÃ¢â¬â¢d have a sort of elastic rind, like a balloon. By this time Will was waking, too, wearily. The first thing he did was to look for the Gallivespians, who looked back at once, fully focused on him. He looked away and found Lyra. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to tell you something,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Come over here, away from Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å" Ã¢â¬Å"If you go away from us,Ã¢â¬ said TialysÃ¢â¬â¢s clear voice, Ã¢â¬Å"you must leave the knife. If you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t leave the knife, you must talk to each other here.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"CanÃ¢â¬â¢t we be private?Ã¢â¬ Lyra said indignantly. Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t want you listening to what we say!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then go away, but leave the knife.Ã¢â¬ There was no one else nearby, after all, and certainly the Gallivespians wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to use it. Will rummaged in the rucksack for the water bottle and a couple of biscuits, and handing one to Lyra, he went with her up the slope of the dune. Ã¢â¬Å"I asked the alethiometer,Ã¢â¬ she told him, Ã¢â¬Å"and it said we shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t try and escape from the little people, because they were going to save our lives. So maybe weÃ¢â¬â¢re stuck with Ã¢â¬â¢em.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Have you told them what weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to do?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No! And I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t, either. Ã¢â¬ËCause theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll only tell Lord Asriel on that speaking-fiddle and heÃ¢â¬â¢d go there and stop us Ã¢â¬â so we got to just go, and not talk about it in front of them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They are spies, though,Ã¢â¬ Will pointed out. Ã¢â¬Å"They must be good at listening and hiding. So maybe we better not mention it at all. We know where weÃ¢â¬â¢re going. So weÃ¢â¬â¢ll just go and not talk about it, and theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to put up with it and come along.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They canÃ¢â¬â¢t hear us now. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re too far off. Will, I asked how we get there, too. It said to follow the knife, just that.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sounds easy,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"But I bet it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t. DÃ¢â¬â¢you know what Iorek told me?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No. He said Ã¢â¬â when I went to say good-bye Ã¢â¬â he said it would be very difficult for you, but he thought you could do it. But he never told me whyÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"The knife broke because I thought of my mother,Ã¢â¬ he explained. Ã¢â¬Å"So IÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to put her out of my mind. ButÃ¢â¬ ¦ itÃ¢â¬â¢s like when someone says donÃ¢â¬â¢t think about a crocodile, you do, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t help itÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, you cut through last night all right,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah, because I was tired, I think. Well, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll see. Just follow the knife?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s all it said.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Might as well go now, then. Except thereÃ¢â¬â¢s not much food left. We ought to find something to take with us, bread and fruit or something. So first IÃ¢â¬â¢ll find a world where we can get food, and then weÃ¢â¬â¢ll start looking properly.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"All right,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, quite happy to be moving again, with Pan and Will, alive and awake. They made their way back to the spies, who were sitting alertly by the knife, packs on their backs. Ã¢â¬Å"We should like to know what you intend,Ã¢â¬ said Salmakia. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, weÃ¢â¬â¢re not coming to Lord Asriel anyway,Ã¢â¬ said Will. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve got something else to do first.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And will you tell us what that is, since itÃ¢â¬â¢s clear we canÃ¢â¬â¢t stop you from doing it?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, Ã¢â¬Å"because youÃ¢â¬â¢d just go and tell them. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to come along without knowing where weÃ¢â¬â¢re going. Of course you could always give up and go back to them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Certainly not,Ã¢â¬ said Tialys. Ã¢â¬Å"We want some kind of guarantee,Ã¢â¬ said Will. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re spies, so youÃ¢â¬â¢re bound to be dishonest, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s your trade. We need to know we can trust you. Last night we were all too tired and we couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think about it, but thereÃ¢â¬â¢d be nothing to stop you waiting till we were asleep and then stinging us to make us helpless and calling up Lord Asriel on that lodestone thing. You could do that easily. So we need to have a proper guarantee that you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t. A promise isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough.Ã¢â¬ The two Gallivespians trembled with anger at this slur on their honor. Tialys, controlling himself, said, Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t accept one-sided demands. You must give something in exchange. You must tell us what your intentions are, and then I shall give the lodestone resonator into your care. You must let me have it when I want to send a message, but you will always know when that happens, and we shall not be able to use it without your agreement. That will be our guarantee. And now you tell us where you are going, and why.Ã¢â¬ Will and Lyra exchanged a glance to confirm it. Ã¢â¬Å"All right,Ã¢â¬ Lyra said, Ã¢â¬Å"thatÃ¢â¬â¢s fair. So hereÃ¢â¬â¢s where weÃ¢â¬â¢re going: weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to the world of the dead. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know where it is, but the knifeÃ¢â¬â¢ll find it. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s what weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to do.Ã¢â¬ The two spies were looking at her with openmouthed incredulity. Then Salmakia blinked and said, Ã¢â¬Å"What you say doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make sense. The dead are dead, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s all. There is no world of the dead.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I thought that was true, as well,Ã¢â¬ said Will. Ã¢â¬Å"But now IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure. At least with the knife we can find out.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But why?Ã¢â¬ Lyra looked at Will and saw him nod. Ã¢â¬Å"Well,Ã¢â¬ she said, Ã¢â¬Å"before I met Will, long before I was asleep, I led this friend into danger, and he was killed. I thought I was rescuing him, only I was making things worse. And while I was asleep I dreamed of him and I thought maybe I could make amends if I went where heÃ¢â¬â¢s gone and said I was sorry. And Will wants to find his father, who died just when he found him before. See, Lord Asriel wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think of that. Nor would Mrs. Coulter. If we went to him weÃ¢â¬â¢d have to do what he wants, and he wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think of Roger at all Ã¢â¬â thatÃ¢â¬â¢s my friend who died Ã¢â¬â it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t matter to him. But it matters to me. To us. So thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what we want to do.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Child,Ã¢â¬ said Tialys, Ã¢â¬Å"when we die, everything is over. There is no other life. You have seen death. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen dead bodies, and youÃ¢â¬â¢ve seen what happens to a daemon when death comes. It vanishes. What else can there be to live on after that?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to go and find out,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra. Ã¢â¬Å"And now weÃ¢â¬â¢ve told you, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take your resonator lodestone.Ã¢â¬ She held out her hand, and leopard-Pantalaimon stood, tail swinging slowly, to reinforce her demand. Tialys unslung the pack from his back and laid it in her palm. It was surprisingly heavy Ã¢â¬â no burden for her, of course, but she marveled at his strength. Ã¢â¬Å"And how long do you think this expedition will take?Ã¢â¬ said the Chevalier. Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know,Ã¢â¬ Lyra told him. Ã¢â¬Å"We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know anything about it, any more than you do. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll just go there and see.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"First thing,Ã¢â¬ Will said, Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to get some water and some more food, something easy to carry. So IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to find a world where we can do that, and then weÃ¢â¬â¢ll set off.Ã¢â¬ Tialys and Salmakia mounted their dragonflies and held them quivering on the ground. The great insects were eager for flight, but the command of their riders was absolute, and Lyra, watching them in daylight for the first time, saw the extraordinary fineness of the gray silk reins, the silvery stirrups, the tiny saddles. Will took the knife, and a powerful temptation made him feel for the touch of his own world: he had the credit card still; he could buy familiar food; he could even telephone Mrs. Cooper and ask for news of his mother Ã¢â¬â The knife jarred with a sound like a nail being drawn along rough stone, and his heart nearly stopped. If he broke the blade again, it would be the end. After a few moments he tried again. Instead of trying not to think of his mother, he said to himself: Yes, I know sheÃ¢â¬â¢s there, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m just going to look away while I do thisÃ¢â¬ ¦ And that time it worked. He found a new world and slid the knife along to make an opening, and a few moments later all of them were standing in what looked like a neat and prosperous farmyard in some northern country like Holland or Denmark, where the stone-flagged yard was swept and clean and a row of stable doors stood open. The sun shone down through a hazy sky, and there was the smell of burning in the air, as well as something less pleasant. There was no sound of human life, though a loud buzzing, so active and vigorous that it sounded like a machine, came from the stables. Lyra went and looked, and came back at once, looking pale. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s fourÃ¢â¬ ?C she gulped, hand to her throat, and recovered Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"four dead horses in there. And millions of fliesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Look,Ã¢â¬ said Will, swallowing, Ã¢â¬Å"or maybe better not.Ã¢â¬ He was pointing at the raspberry canes that edged the kitchen garden. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d just seen a manÃ¢â¬â¢s legs, one with a shoe on and one without, protruding from the thickest part of the bushes. Lyra didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to look, but Will went to see if the man was still alive and needed help. He came back shaking his head, looking uneasy. The two spies were already at the farmhouse door, which was ajar. Tialys darted back and said, Ã¢â¬Å"It smells sweeter in there,Ã¢â¬ and then he flew back over the threshold while Salmakia scouted further around the outbuildings. Will followed the Chevalier. He found himself in a big square kitchen, an old-fashioned place with white china on a wooden dresser, and a scrubbed pine table, and a hearth where a black kettle stood cold. Next door there was a pantry, with two shelves full of apples that filled the whole room with fragrance. The silence was oppressive. Lyra said quietly, Ã¢â¬Å"Will, is this the world of the dead?Ã¢â¬ The same thought had occurred to him. But he said, Ã¢â¬Å"No, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think so. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s one we havenÃ¢â¬â¢t been in before. Look, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll load up with as much as we can carry. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s sort of rye bread, thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll be good Ã¢â¬â itÃ¢â¬â¢s light Ã¢â¬â and hereÃ¢â¬â¢s some cheeseÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ When they had taken what they could carry, Will dropped a gold coin into the drawer in the big pine table. Ã¢â¬Å"Well?Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, seeing Tialys raise his eyebrows. Ã¢â¬Å"You should always pay for what you take.Ã¢â¬ At that moment Salmakia came in through the back door, landing her dragonfly on the table in a shimmer of electric blue. Ã¢â¬Å"There are men coming,Ã¢â¬ she said, Ã¢â¬Å"on foot, with weapons. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re only a few minutesÃ¢â¬â¢ walk away. And there is a village burning beyond the fields.Ã¢â¬ And as she spoke, they could hear the sound of boots on gravel, and a voice issuing orders, and the jingle of metal. Ã¢â¬Å"Then we should go,Ã¢â¬ said Will. He felt in the air with the knifepoint. And at once he was aware of a new kind of sensation. The blade seemed to be sliding along a very smooth surface, like a mirror, and then it sank through slowly until he was able to cut. But it was resistant, like heavy cloth, and when he made an opening, he blinked with surprise and alarm: because the world he was opening into was the same in every detail as the one they were already standing in. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening?Ã¢â¬ said Lyra. The spies were looking through, puzzled. But it was more than puzzlement they felt. Just as the air had resisted the knife, so something in this opening resisted their going through. Will had to push against something invisible and then pull Lyra after him, and the Gallivespians could hardly make any headway at all. They had to perch the dragonflies on the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s hands, and even then it was like pulling them against a pressure in the air; their filmy wings bent and twisted, and the little riders had to stroke their mountsÃ¢â¬â¢ heads and whisper to calm their fears. But after a few seconds of struggle, they were all through, and Will found the edge of the window (though it was impossible to see) and closed it, shutting the sound of the soldiers away in their own world. Ã¢â¬Å"Will,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, and he turned to see that there was another figure in the kitchen with them. His heart jolted. It was the man heÃ¢â¬â¢d seen not ten minutes before, stark dead in the bushes with his throat cut. He was middle-aged, lean, with the look of a man who spent most of the time in the open air. But now he was looking almost crazed, or paralyzed, with shock. His eyes were so wide that the white showed all around the iris, and he was clutching the edge of the table with a trembling hand. His throat, Will was glad to see, was intact. He opened his mouth to speak, but no words came out. All he could do was point at Will and Lyra. Lyra said, Ã¢â¬Å"Excuse us for being in your house, but we had to escape from the men who were coming. IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry if we startled you. IÃ¢â¬â¢m Lyra, and this is Will, and these are our friends, the Chevalier Tialys and the Lady Salmakia. Could you tell us your name and where we are?Ã¢â¬ This normal-sounding request seemed to bring the man to his senses, and a shudder passed over him, as if he were waking from a dream. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m dead,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m lying out there, dead. I know I am. You ainÃ¢â¬â¢t dead. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening? God help me, they cut my throat. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s happening?Ã¢â¬ Lyra stepped closer to Will when the man said IÃ¢â¬â¢m dead, and Pantalaimon fled to her breast as a mouse. As for the Gallivespians, they were trying to control their dragonflies, because the great insects seemed to have an aversion for the man and darted here and there in the kitchen, looking for a way out. But the man didnÃ¢â¬â¢t notice them. He was still trying to understand what had happened. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you a ghost?Ã¢â¬ Will said cautiously. The man reached out his hand, and Will tried to take it, but his fingers closed on the air. A tingle of cold was all he felt. When he saw it happen, the man looked at his own hand, appalled. The numbness was beginning to wear off, and he could feel the pity of his state. Ã¢â¬Å"Truly,Ã¢â¬ he said, Ã¢â¬Å"I am deadÃ¢â¬ ¦IÃ¢â¬â¢m dead, and IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to HellÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Hush,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢ll go together. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s your name?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Dirk Jansen I was,Ã¢â¬ he said, Ã¢â¬Å"but already IÃ¢â¬ ¦ I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what to doÃ¢â¬ ¦DonÃ¢â¬â¢t know where to goÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Will opened the door. The barnyard looked the same, the kitchen garden was unchanged, the same hazy sun shone down. And there was the manÃ¢â¬â¢s body, untouched. A little groan broke from Dirk JansenÃ¢â¬â¢s throat, as if there were no denying it anymore. The dragonflies darted out of the door and skimmed over the ground and then shot up high, faster than birds. The man was looking around helplessly, raising his hands, lowering them again, uttering little cries. Ã¢â¬Å"I canÃ¢â¬â¢t stay hereÃ¢â¬ ¦CanÃ¢â¬â¢t stay,Ã¢â¬ he was saying. Ã¢â¬Å"But this ainÃ¢â¬â¢t the farm I knew. This is wrong. I got to goÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Where are you going, Mr. Jansen?Ã¢â¬ said Lyra. Ã¢â¬Å"Down the road. Dunno. Got to go. CanÃ¢â¬â¢t stay hereÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Salmakia flew down to perch on LyraÃ¢â¬â¢s hand. The dragonflyÃ¢â¬â¢s little claws pricked as the Lady said, Ã¢â¬Å"There are people walking from the village Ã¢â¬â people like this man Ã¢â¬â all walking in the same direction.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Then weÃ¢â¬â¢ll go with them,Ã¢â¬ said Will, and swung his rucksack over his shoulder. Dirk Jansen was already passing his own body, averting his eyes. He looked almost as if he were drunk, stopping, moving on, wandering to left and right, stumbling over little ruts and stones on the path his living feet had known so well. Lyra came after Will, and Pantalaimon became a kestrel and flew up as high as he could, making Lyra gasp. Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re right,Ã¢â¬ he said when he came down. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s lines of people all coming from the village. Dead peopleÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ And soon they saw them, too: twenty or so men, women, and children, all moving as Dirk Jansen had done, uncertain and shocked. The village was half a mile away, and the people were coming toward them, close together in the middle of the road. When Dirk Jansen saw the other ghosts, he broke into a stumbling run, and they held out their hands to greet him. Ã¢â¬Å"Even if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know where theyÃ¢â¬â¢re going, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re all going there together,Ã¢â¬ Lyra said. Ã¢â¬Å"We better just go with them.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DÃ¢â¬â¢you think they had daemons in this world?Ã¢â¬ said Will. Ã¢â¬Å"CanÃ¢â¬â¢t tell. If you saw one of em in your world, would you know he was a ghost?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s hard to say. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t look normal, exactlyÃ¢â¬ ¦ There was a man I used to see in my town, and he used to walk about outside the shops always holding the same old plastic bag, and he never spoke to anyone or went inside. And no one ever looked at him. I used to pretend he was a ghost. They look a bit like him. Maybe my worldÃ¢â¬â¢s full of ghosts and I never knew.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think mine is,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra doubtfully. Ã¢â¬Å"Anyway, this must be the world of the dead. These people have just been killed Ã¢â¬â those soldiers mustÃ¢â¬â¢ve done it Ã¢â¬â and here they are, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s just like the world they were alive in. I thought itÃ¢â¬â¢d be a lot differentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Will, itÃ¢â¬â¢s fading,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"Look!Ã¢â¬ She was clutching his arm. He stopped and looked around, and she was right. Not long before he had found the window in Oxford and stepped through into the other world of Citt?Ã ¤gazze, there had been an eclipse of the sun, and like millions of others Will had stood outside at midday and watched as the bright daylight faded and dimmed until a sort of eerie twilight covered the houses, the trees, the park. Everything was just as clear as in full daylight, but there was less light to see it by, as if all the strength were draining out of a dying sun. What was happening now was like that, but odder, because the edges of things were losing their definition as well and becoming blurred. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not like going blind, even,Ã¢â¬ said Lyra, frightened, Ã¢â¬Å"because itÃ¢â¬â¢s not that we canÃ¢â¬â¢t see things, itÃ¢â¬â¢s like the things themselves are fadingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ The color was slowly seeping out of the world. A dim green gray for the bright green of the trees and the grass, a dim sand gray for the vivid yellow of a field of corn, a dim blood gray for the red bricks of a neat farmhouseÃ¢â¬ ¦ The people themselves, closer now, had begun to notice, too, and were pointing and holding one anotherÃ¢â¬â¢s arms for reassurance. The only bright things in the whole landscape were the brilliant red-and-yellow and electric blue of the dragonflies, and their little riders, and Will and Lyra, and Pantalaimon, who was hovering kestrel-shaped close above. They were close to the first of the people now, and it was clear: they were all ghosts. Will and Lyra took a step toward each other, but there was nothing to fear, for the ghosts were far more afraid of them and were hanging back, unwilling to approach. Will called out, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t be afraid. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re not going to hurt you. Where are you going?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å" They looked at the oldest man among them, as if he were their guide. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going where all the others go,Ã¢â¬ he said. Ã¢â¬Å"Seems as if I know, but I canÃ¢â¬â¢t remember learning it. Seems as if itÃ¢â¬â¢s along the road. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll know it when we get there.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Mama,Ã¢â¬ said a child, Ã¢â¬Å"whyÃ¢â¬â¢s it getting dark in the daytime?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Hush, dear, donÃ¢â¬â¢t fret,Ã¢â¬ the mother said. Ã¢â¬Å"CanÃ¢â¬â¢t make anything better by fretting. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re dead, I expect.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But where are we going?Ã¢â¬ the child said. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to be dead, Mama!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re going to see Grandpa,Ã¢â¬ the mother said desperately. But the child wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be consoled and wept bitterly. Others in the group looked at the mother with sympathy or annoyance, but there was nothing they could do to help, and they all walked on disconsolately through the fading landscape as the childÃ¢â¬â¢s thin cries went on, and on, and on. The Chevalier Tialys had spoken to Salmakia before skimming ahead, and Will and Lyra watched the dragonfly with eyes greedy for its brightness and vigor as it got smaller and smaller. The Lady flew down and perched her insect on WillÃ¢â¬â¢s hand. Ã¢â¬Å"The Chevalier has gone to see whatÃ¢â¬â¢s ahead,Ã¢â¬ she said. Ã¢â¬Å"We think the landscape is fading because these people are forgetting it. The farther they go away from their homes, the darker it will get.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But why dÃ¢â¬â¢you think theyÃ¢â¬â¢re moving?Ã¢â¬ Lyra said. Ã¢â¬Å"If I was a ghost IÃ¢â¬â¢d want to stay in the places I knew, not wander along and get lost.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"They feel unhappy there,Ã¢â¬ Will said, guessing. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s where theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve just died. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re afraid of it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re pulled onward by something,Ã¢â¬ said the Lady. Ã¢â¬Å"Some instinct is drawing them down the road.Ã¢â¬ And indeed the ghosts were moving more purposefully now that they were out of sight of their own village. The sky was as dark as if a mighty storm were threatening, but there was none of the electric tension that comes ahead of a storm. The ghosts walked on steadily, and the road ran straight ahead across a landscape that was almost featureless. From time to time one of them would glance at Will or Lyra, or at the brilliant dragonfly and its rider, as if they were curious. Finally the oldest man said: Ã¢â¬Å"You, you boy and girl. You ainÃ¢â¬â¢t dead. You ainÃ¢â¬â¢t ghosts. What you coming along here for?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We came through by accident,Ã¢â¬ Lyra told him before Will could speak. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how it happened. We were trying to escape from those men, and we just seemed to find ourselves here.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How will you know when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to the place where youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to go?Ã¢â¬ said Will. Ã¢â¬Å"I expect weÃ¢â¬â¢ll be told,Ã¢â¬ said the ghost confidently. Ã¢â¬Å"TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ll separate out the sinners and the righteous, I dare say. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s no good praying now. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s too late for that. You should have done that when you were alive. No use now.Ã¢â¬ It was quite clear which group he expected to be in, and quite clear, too, that he thought it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be a big one. The other ghosts heard him uneasily, but he was all the guidance they had, so they followed without arguing. And on they walked, trudging in silence under a sky that had finally darkened to a dull iron gray and remained there without getting any darker. The living ones found themselves looking to their left and right, above and below, for anything that was bright or lively or joyful, and they were always disappointed until a little spark appeared ahead and raced toward them through the air. It was the Chevalier, and Salmakia urged her dragonfly ahead to meet him, with a cry of pleasure. They conferred and sped back to the children. Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s a town ahead,Ã¢â¬ said Tialys. Ã¢â¬Å"It looks like a refugee camp, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s obviously been there for centuries or more. And I think thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a sea or a lake beyond it, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s covered in mist. I could hear the cries of birds. And there are hundreds of people arriving every minute, from every direction, people like these Ã¢â¬â ghostsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ The ghosts themselves listened as he spoke, though without much curiosity. They seemed to have settled into a dull trance, and Lyra wanted to shake them, to urge them to struggle and wake up and look around for a way out. Ã¢â¬Å"How are we going to help these people, Will?Ã¢â¬ she said. He couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t even guess. As they moved on, they could see a movement on the horizon to the left and right, and ahead of them a dirty-colored smoke was rising slowly to add its darkness to the dismal air. The movement was people, or ghosts: in lines or pairs or groups or alone, but all empty-handed, hundreds and thousands of men and women and children were drifting over the plain toward the source of the smoke. The ground was sloping downward now, and becoming more and more like a rubbish dump. The air was heavy and full of smoke, and of other smells besides: acrid chemicals, decaying vegetable matter, sewage. And the farther down they went, the worse it got. There was not a patch of clean soil in sight, and the only plants growing anywhere were rank weeds and coarse grayish grass. Ahead of them, above the water, was the mist. It rose like a cliff to merge with the gloomy sky, and from somewhere inside it came those bird cries that Tialys had referred to. Between the waste heaps and the mist, there lay the first town of the dead. How to cite The Amber Spyglass Chapter 18 The Suburbs Of The Dead, Essay examples
Saturday, May 2, 2020
Question: Discuss about theLeadership in Healthcare Practice for Mentor Nurse. Answer: Introduction Strong leadership is very crucial in any kind of profession. Each nurse leaders make sure that each and every, members of the team offer the greatest level of care while also motivating workers to work together and put the needs of the patients ahead of individual issues (Bawafaa et al., 2015). However, nurse leadership mentor nurse, offering advice and guidance which they require to fulfil their particular duties with confidence. However, the culture of any health care facility has impact on how patient care is offered. The way workers are appraised can encourage or discourage them thus affecting their efficiency (Kirwan et al., 2015). The paper will address the impact of leadership on nurses and impact of culture on patient care. Criteria 4 impact of leadership on nurses Improved patients care The care of the patient is teamwork while depending on the collaboration of nurses, physicians, doctors and another specialist. The leadership unify these teams and make sure that every individual is on the same page concerning the patient care. However, strong leadership take a hands-on approach to the patient care (Bawafaa et al., 2015). For instance, they adhere to the instructions offered to the staff and monitor actively the patients progress. They enhance equality of the care provided to the sick individuals through holding employees accountable and coordinating everyone efforts. Conflict Management It is unavoidable in strong teams that breakdown in communication and conflict can arise. The strong leadership have the potential to prevent nurse conflicts from affecting the wellbeing of the patient or even implicating the ability of the team to work effectively. Strong leadership in any health care spot these kinds of conflict and take the necessary steps before they can cause any harm. Furthermore, they take immediate approaches to resolve the issue (Bawafaa et al., 2015). For instance, they can convene the staff meeting and encourage the nurses to openly speak about their issues so that they can be resolved accordingly. However, leaders can lead them in finding the best ways to improve their working relationships. Positive role model Strong leadership in any organization have the potential to inspire the nurses to achieve their desired goals. Leaders develop a standard of conduct for the nurses to follow through honouring ethical principles of their profession, putting the needs of the patient s first and treating their colleagues with much respect (Lievens and Vlerick, 2014). For instance, when the leaders make themselves as authoritative and respectful leaders, there is less likelihood that they will have to reprimand or instruct nurses and they will have to follow their leas naturally. Motivation Nurses can find their work as hectic and high stress which results in exhaustion. Strong leadership assist them to stay on track and try to remind them the commitment they have to the recoveries of the patients (Lievens and Vlerick, 2014) However, leaders offer advice and aid when the nurse is in a great dilemma. For instance, when they have the complicated care of the patient, leaders will be available to show them what they need to do. Leaders show confidence in themselves and nurses thus making them feel empowered and encouraging them to contribute their best efforts. Criteria 5 impact of culture on patients care Staffing Staffing levels have a great impact on the care of the patients. Low levels of staff in any healthcare facilities have a consequence on how patient care is provided (Laschinger, 2014). Inadequate staff means that patients needs are not achieved accordingly. Patients who need critical care will not be in a position to get care. This will lead to deterioration of their health and eventually, they can die. However, if the healthcare staff is adequate, patients needs will be catered and their health will get improved. Job Appraisal One of the key issues which affect the health care providers in healthcare facilities is how the nurses and other healthcare practitioners are appraised. Well paid health practitioners are motivated and are in the position to work hard and achieve the needs of the patients. These people will not be affected psychologically but they will be confident on what they are doing. However, the poorly paid staff is a headache to the health provision (Kirwan et al., 2015). The staff will be stressed and unable to attend work. There will be lots of strikes and work boycotts which will entirely hinder the health care provisions. Patients will not be attended and their health will worsen. Type of leadership The kind of leadership in healthcare facilities has impact on how health is provided. Leaders who promote unity and teamwork among the workers will achieve a lot in their work. Good work relationship creates a good working environment and encourages hard work. Nurses and doctors will be motivated and confidently work together to achieve the needs of the patients (Laschinger, 2014). However, good leadership encourages a better relationship between patients and health practitioners. This will encourage good healing environment for the patient. However, poor leadership in health care facilities will discourage better working relationships between workers and patients. The poor relationship will hinder how health care providers coordinate. Any idea which could have been shared will not be shared and will lead to individual decisions which can endanger the life of the patient. Organization of health care facility The way healthcare facilities have been arranged has got a significant impact on the care provided. For instance, decentralized department wastes lots of time moving from one end to the other (Laschinger, 2014). Patients who need a critical care will be affected since the nurse will not be around all the time. However, some patients are vulnerable to falls and the hospital setting should be set to meet their needs. For instance, if the bedrails are not provided for such patients, there is a possibility that they will fall out of their bed hence worsening their health. Conclusions The leadership have a great impact on the nurses. Good leadership assist the nurses to solve their issues. However, leaders enhance equality of the care provided to the sick individuals through holding employees accountable and coordinating everyone efforts. In addition, leaders offer advice and aid when the nurse is in a great dilemma. The culture of any healthcare setting has a great impact on health care. Adequate staff will ensure that patients are closely monitored and offered intensive care Reference list Bawafaa, E., Wong, C.A. and Laschinger, H., 2015. The influence of resonant leadership on the structural empowerment and job satisfaction of registered nurses.Journal of Research in Nursing,20(7), pp.610-622. Kirwan, M., Matthews, A. and Scott, P.A., 2013. The impact of the work environment of nurses on patient safety outcomes: a multi-level modelling approach.International journal of nursing studies,50(2), pp.253-263. Laschinger, H.K.S., 2014. Impact of workplace mistreatment on patient safety risk and nurse-assessed patient outcomes.Journal of Nursing Administration,44(5), pp.284-290. Lievens, I. and Vlerick, P., 2014. Transformational leadership and safety performance among nurses: The mediating role of knowledge?related job characteristics.Journal of advanced nursing,70(3), pp.651-661.